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Carl Friedrich Gauss was born on April 30, 1777, in Brunswick, now in modern-day Germany. He passed away on February 23, 1855, in Göttingen, Germany. He was married twice, first to Johanna Osthoff with whom he had three children, and later to Minna Waldeck, with whom he also had three children.

Gauss studied at the Collegium Carolinum before moving on to the University of Göttingen. He held a position at the University of Göttingen for most of his career, where he did a majority of his groundbreaking work.

Gauss's early exposure to mathematics sparked a deep interest in the field. His remarkable mathematical abilities were recognized at a young age, which led him to focus his life's work on theoretical science and mathematics.

Gauss made numerous significant discoveries in physics and mathematics. His work on magnetism and electricity set the groundwork for Maxwell's electromagnetic theory. His work in astronomy, particularly on the motion of celestial bodies, improved the understanding of the solar system.

Gauss faced several challenges during his research. One of the most notable was his painstaking effort to manually calculate the orbit of the dwarf planet Ceres. His calculation, which was incredibly accurate, earned him significant recognition in the scientific community.

One of Gauss's significant achievements was the formulation of the Theorema Egregium, which states that the curvature of a surface is an intrinsic property that is not altered by bending. In physics, his law of electric flux, now known as Gauss's law, remains fundamental to the field of electromagnetism. Furthermore, his work in astronomy, particularly his method for calculating the orbits of celestial bodies, greatly advanced the field.

Gauss is well-known for several key formulas in mathematics and physics. One of his famous contributions is Gauss's Law in electrostatics. The mathematical representation of Gauss's Law is:

∮ E · dA = Q / ε_{0}

Where:

- ∮ E · dA: The electric flux through a closed surface surrounding any volume.
- Q: The total charge enclosed within that volume.
- ε
_{0}: The permittivity of free space.

The following tutorials and calculators are influenced by the work the great physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss, each calculator contains a tutorial that explains Carl Friedrich Gauss in the field

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