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Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, in Oxford, United Kingdom, and died on March 14, 2018, in Cambridge, United Kingdom. He was married twice, first to Jane Wilde and then to Elaine Mason, and had three children, Robert, Lucy, and Timothy. Hawking studied at University College, Oxford, for his undergraduate degree, and at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, for his doctorate.

Hawking had an early interest in science, particularly in how the universe worked. Despite being diagnosed with a rare form of motor neurone disease, also known as ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease, at the age of 21, he continued to pursue his research. This disease gradually paralysed him over the decades, but he communicated through a speech-generating device.

Stephen Hawking's most significant work was on black holes and the Big Bang theory. He proposed that black holes emit radiation, known today as Hawking radiation. He also made significant contributions to our understanding of the universe's origin and structure.

Despite his physical challenges, Hawking made substantial contributions to his field. His determination to overcome adversity and his relentless curiosity were key drivers of his groundbreaking research.

Hawking received numerous accolades for his work, including the Copley Medal from the Royal Society and the Presidential Medal of Freedom from the United States. Despite his illness, Hawking continued his research and also wrote several best-selling books, including 'A Brief History of Time', making complex physics accessible to the general public.

One of Stephen Hawking's significant contributions was the theoretical prediction that black holes should emit radiation, known as Hawking Radiation. This concept is described by the formula:

T = ħc^{3} / 8πGMk_{B}

Where:

- T: is the temperature of the black hole
- ħ: is the reduced Planck constant
- c: is the speed of light
- G: is the gravitational constant
- M: is the mass of the black hole
- k
_{B}: is the Boltzmann constant

The great physicist Stephen Hawking is renowned for their intellect and advancement in the world of physics, here are some of their most famous and insightful quotes

- Adapt To Change
- Disinterested
- Illusion And Ignorance
- Perfect Universe
- Predestined
- Romance And Passion
- Tragedy

The following tutorials and calculators are influenced by the work the great physicist Stephen Hawking, each calculator contains a tutorial that explains Stephen Hawking in the field