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Satyendra Nath Bose was born on January 1, 1894, in Calcutta, British India, and passed away on February 4, 1974. Bose is a celebrated physicist best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s.

Bose married Ushabati Ghosh in 1914, and they had nine children together. He studied in Calcutta at the Presidency College, where he later returned to work as a research scholar. He spent most of his academic career in Dhaka (now the capital of Bangladesh), where he became a professor at the University of Dhaka. Bose passed away in Calcutta, India.

Bose was driven by a desire to understand the world at its most fundamental levels. His interest in physics was encouraged by his teachers, which resulted in his commitment to a career in scientific research and teaching.

Bose's most significant contribution to physics is his work with Albert Einstein on the Bose-Einstein statistics and the subsequent theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate. This provided a theoretical foundation for the characteristics of elementary particles known as bosons, named after Bose.

His findings played a significant role in quantum mechanics and changed our understanding of light and matter's behavior at atomic and subatomic levels. While this field remains a challenge to many, Bose's contribution has formed the bedrock of modern physics and continues to influence the scientific world.

Despite his significant contributions to the world of physics, Bose never received the Nobel Prize, which remains a point of controversy in the scientific community. However, he was honored with numerous awards, including being named a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1958, and the highest civilian award in India, the Padma Vibhushan, in 1954.

While Bose didn't create a specific formula, his most significant contribution was the formulation of Bose-Einstein statistics. This is the statistical law applied to particles that do not obey the Pauli exclusion principle, which is a basic tenet of quantum mechanics stating that two or more identical fermions cannot occupy the same quantum state within a quantum system simultaneously.

The Bose-Einstein statistics are significant for the understanding of the behavior of photons and many other particles, integral to theories of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. However, these concepts are represented more by principles and rules than by explicit formulas.

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